The maritime industry is exposed to many security-related challenges, that are even more serious in port areas. In terms of safety, between 75 and 96 % of marine accidents are a result of human error, often a result of fatigue. In addition, over 70% of marine casualties and incidents in Europe take place in ports or coastal areas. As about environmental control, ships contribute an average 32% to marine litter in EU waters with values up to 50% for some sea basins, according to estimates published by the European Commission. Furthermore, about 60% of the waste dumped into the seas and over 50% all the oil spills happen in port areas. Moreover, despite the adoption of the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS) by the EU, UK and USA in 2004, port security is a growing issue due to the increasing amount of traffic and potential hazards. For instance, last year over 71% of all the attacks to ships registered by the International Maritime Bureau took place on vessels in ports (vessels berthed or anchored).
From the point of view of port security in case of accidents, the Port Authorities have a Self-Protection Plan (SPP). This SPP has the general objective of safeguarding human lives by minimizing damage to the port’s infrastructure, to the surrounding areas and to the environment. It also plans the necessary intervention actions in emergency situations. It establishes the adequate coordination of all public and private services that intervene during any incident or accident that affects ships, companies and facilities located in the port, as well as to any natural or legal person that performs any activity in port’s service area. In addition, for the case of hydrocarbon spills, the Ports have an additional Internal Emergency Plan and a Contingency Plan, plus the corresponding Emergencies Plans of all port concessions, to combat pollution caused by spills. Although there are reliable contingency plans, with actions in case of petroleum spills in the port area, the coordination between port’s First Responders, Sea First Responders and Land First Responders is still an area of improvement.
Through this pilot, we plan to:
- Establish a Safety Assessment and Early Warning framework that protects First Responders.
- Validate the ability to setup a robust 5G private mobile network in the area of the incident.
- Assess 5G capability to provide sufficient bandwidth and low latency for video transmission from drones and for First Responder smart glasses.
- Plan a more efficient stakeholders’ coordination in case of an emergency, by sharing health, position and situation parameters in real-time between officers of same (or different) First Responders’ organizations.